On Friday, President Obama signed the Worker, Homeownership and Business Assistance Act of 2009, which extends the First Time Home Buyer Tax Credit, as well as offering more benefits to the unemployed and creating a tax credit for existing home owners that would like to purchase a new home.
The Worker, Homeownership and Business Assistance Act of 2009 passed the Senate two weeks ago and was sent to the House of Representatives, where it was quickly approved. This new law extends the $8,000 first time home buyers tax credit and the existing homeowners tax credit until April 2010. One of the key components of this tax credit is that it does not need to be paid back and is instead a one time payment from the Government.
Under the law, most of the old requirements remain the same, but there have been some changes:
These new changes come into affect on November 06, 2009 and can be applied to homes purchased on or after this date. Worker, Homeownership and Business Assistance Act of 2009
Like the old tax credit, homeowners will still be able to file amended tax returns, so that they can receive the tax credit without having to wait until April.
Part of HR 3548 , the Worker, Homeownership and Business Assistance Act of 2009, also is intended to help reduce fraud, by making it easier for the IRS to detect fraudulent claims.
In addition to changing the tax credit for new homeowners, HR 3548 also extended Federal Unemployment Benefits for those whose benefits are about to expire.
The Worker, Homeownership and Business Assistance Act of 2009 extends everyones Federal Unemployment Benefits for 1 week and anyone living in a state with more than 6% unemployment will be eligible for an addition 13 week extension.
An additional extension was also added, which provides an additional 6 weeks for anyone living in a state with more than 8.5% unemployment. However, with the way the law is worded, those on unemployment must take the 13 week extension first, before they can apply for the 6 week extension. As a result, it will not be possible for anyone to take advantage of the 6 week extension, unless congress decides to renew the legislation. In this regards, this provision of the law was outdated even as it was signed by President Obama.
In addition to changing the tax credit for homeowners and unemployment benefits, the law also requires anyone who prepares or expects to prepare more than 10 tax returns a year to submit them electronically.
This week, the Senate passed a bill that would extend the first time home buyers incentive program, as well as offering a different tax credit for existing homeowners.
The bill that was passed on Wednesday may give the first time homebuyers tax credit a second life, as it is currently set to expire on on December 01, 2009.
The Current 2009 tax credit, which does not need to be repaid, is only available to those who have not owned a home for at least three years and offers up to $8000 to those who qualify.
Under the new law, these benefits would not only be maintained, but also extended to those who have owned a home for five years or more. However, for existing homeowners, only $6500 would be available. Those buying a home would have until June to close on the home, but would have to have singed a sales agreement by April 2010.
In addition to addressing the housing market, the bill also includes provisions to federally fund unemployment benefits for an additional 20 weeks.
Of course, this bill has a long way to go before it becomes law, as it must still pass the House and then it must be signed by President Obama. This is also not the first bill aimed at extending the homeowners stimulus program, with a $15,000 tax credit for homeowners never gaining much momentum.
Before its passage in the Senate, Republicans had wanted to include a provision requiring that those on unemployment be checked using E-Verify, which is a an online service that checks immigration status, before receiving unemployment benefits. They also wanted the stimulus bill to include an amendment prohibiting Acorn from receiving federal aid.
Both of these requests were refuted by the Democratically held senate, but the bill still needs to be passed by the House, so there may still be more changes made to it.
Well, it now appears that GM may have been a little hasty when they decided to add jobs and ramp up production August. In a recent report, it would appear that GM and Chrysler sales have plummeted since the Cash for Clunkers program ended, with Chrysler’s new car sales dropping by almost 50%.
Of course, almost all car companies are reporting some drop in sales in September, which is the first full month with out the government run incentive program Cash for Clunkers.
Saturn, who is in the process of being phased out of production, saw the most significant drop of near 90%.
Boosted by fleet sales, Ford actually weathered the storm fairly well, seeing about a 15% drop in consumer sales, but a 23% increase in fleet sales. In the end, Ford was about 5% below where they were last year in sales. Ford’s Volvo Division, also did quite well, seeing sales increase.
Ford, who was the only company who did not accept bail out money, has been aggressively marketing their cars over seas and overall trouncing other American automakers on most fronts.
Cadillac, which is GM’s luxury brand saw sales increase as well, although this was not enough to bring GM out of the gutter.
It now is clear that Cash for Clunkers was a very effective means of getting the public to purchase a new car, with it going a long way to stimulating the auto industry.
One of the biggest criticisms of the incentive program was that it might be just getting people to push up their car purchases, but not really stimulating that many new sales. The argument being that perhaps most of those who used the Cash for Clunkers program were planning on buying a new car anyway, but pushed up their time table to take advantage of the program.
While it is still too early to say, it is safe to assume that the record sales of August, when Cash for Clunkers was winding down, will probably not be seen again for some time.
With this September Slump in sales, it begs the question whether the boost provided by Cash for Clunkers will be enough to helps the like of Chrysler and GM, who are already fairly close to being unsustainable.
Perhaps the government will have better luck running them than the previous executives though, who seemed to be more concerned with their lifestyle than the direction they had let their companies go.
However, with such a sharp decline, it is hard to think that these companies would be salvageable, well at least not on their own. Fortunately, the tax payers are there, so these companies do not have to worry about making a better product.
Today is the last day of the Cash for Clunkers Program, which is scheduled to end at 8pm tonight. At this time, all applications must be turned in by dealers and no new applications will be accepted.
This deadline, which was announced last week, has led dealers to scramble to finalize deals, submit applications, and sell new cars. It has also led to a number of consumers pushing up the purchase date of their new vehicle, so that they can take advantage of this rebate program.
The Cash for Clunkers program offers between $3,500 and $4,500 for trade-ins when a new car is purchased. Vehicles that have a 10mpg increase over the trade-in receive the full $4,500 and those with a 4mpg increase receive $3,500.
Originally, $1 Billion was allotted for the Cash for Clunkers Program, but due to higher than expected demand, this budget was expended in only a few weeks. Congress then approved an additional $2 Billion last week, but demand did not decrease and it is expected that by tonight, this budget will be met.
The short answer to this is NO. This is illegal for the dealer to do.
With only a few hours left to purchase a new car, many consumers are scrambling to take advantage of the program and dealers are continuing to use it as a selling point. So, it is important to note that under the program, car dealers are 100% prohibited from making you sign a contract saying you must repay the discount if the Cash for Clunkers application is not approved.
If the dealer suggests that you must sign this sort of contract, they are violating the terms of the Cash for Clunkers program and should be reported, as this is illegal.
According to Government Officials, the Cash for Clunkers program is set to end on Monday August 24th.
All pending Cash for Clunkers Applications must be submitted by dealers no later than 8 PM EST on Monday.
Congress and the Department of Transportation decided on the premature end date after analysis showed that the program was quickly approaching its budget. They project, however, that there should be enough money to process all transactions up until Monday.
With the announcement of the deadline to submit applications for the Cash for Clunkers Program, new car dealers are expected to aggressively push the program this weekend.
Thus far, over 450,000 new cars have been purchased as part of the program with almost $2 Billion in rebates paid by the government. The next three days is expected to allow the car dealers to finalize any pending sales and give consumers a chance to take part in the program.
The Cash for Clunkers Program, which provides rebates of up to $4,500 for trade-ins, gained a great deal of attention over the last few weeks, when it quickly expended its $1 Billion budget. The program is intended to offer an incentive for Americans to purchase a new more fuel efficient vehicle, with the engine of their older model being destroyed. This is intended to not only stimulate new car sales at a time when many auto manufactures are struggling, but also help create a more fuel efficient fleet of vehicles.
Congress and President Obama apparently did not expect the program to be so popular, nor to generate as many sales as it did, as the original budget was depleted within a month of the programs start. The program had originally been slated to run until November.
To help revive the program congress agreed to give the program an additional $2 Billion last week, but this was obviously not enough to curb the popularity of the Cash for Clunkers Program.
With many car manufactures reporting record sales, including GM who announced they would reinstate a number of union jobs, it remains to be seen whether these sales figures will remain steady after the Cash for Clunkers Program is over, or if sales will rapidly decline as the program ends.
Yesterday, it was reported that General Motors would be brining back over 1,300 union workers. This increase is as a result of greatly improved new car sales, which had previously eluded GM.
This increase means adding shifts to GM plants in both Ohio and Canada, to help keep up with demand. This increase is expected to add over 50,000 new GM vehicles, which represents a 20% increase over last quarter. All told, GM estimates that it will produce 642,000 new vehicles in the fourth quarter of this year.
GM is not the only company to show increases in sales. Other car manufacturers, such as Ford, are also reporting greater sales. Ford, who did not accept bailout money and has instead been focusing on making more reliable fuel efficient vehicles, has been expanding its oversees market for some time, which is one reason it was able to avoid many of the problems that plagued GM and Chevrolet.
While some economists are siting this increase in car sales as an indication that the recession is over or drawing to an end, this is rather optimistic. Many of these new car sales are as a result of the Cash for Clunkers Program, which offers up to $4,500 for those who trade in an inefficient vehicle.
Since a great number, if not the overwhelming majority, of these new car sales come as part of the Cash for Clunkers Program, the question remains, will people continue buying cars when the program expires in November.
It is likely that many people who had been planning on purchasing a new vehicle in the future, decided to buy a new car earlier, so that they could take advantage of the economic stimulus program. The supply of those wanting to buy new cars is not finite, so it is possible that the Cash for Clunkers program generated a great number of sales early, but once the plan expires, sales will drop lower than they were before.
While it is certainly a very good sign that GM is adding more shifts and that our car companies have had a few very good months, it remains to be seen as to whether this will be enough to pull them out of the danger zone.